María Magdalena Campos-Pons, The Seven Powers by the Sea (1992-99)

This installation by María Magdalena Campos-Pons was exhibited at Bluecoat for the first Liverpool Biennial in 1999. Addressing the theme of human displacement, it refers to the slave ships that sailed from West Africa to the Americas. The images on the wooden boards leaning against the wall echo the cramped conditions on board the ships. The artist’s Yoruba ancestors were shipped from Nigeria as slaves, and her grandfather was transported to Cuba to work on a sugar plantation, where her family were still living and working on the plantation when she was a young child.